The risk assessment results prompted development of a strategic roadmap to guide water stewardship across Suncor's regional operations. Decision Making Using Environmental, Health, and Safety Costs in a Coherent Model. Case Study 3: Transportation Equipment Facility. This paper describes the structure of the water use data in ecoinvent, how the data has been compiled and the way it can be used for water footprinting. Creating sustainable value with each project requires a systems approach, an approach that is nearly a trademark of the chemical engineering discipline. Water Reuse- A Historical Context.
Case Study 5: Semiconductor Fabricator. This rate of growth will result in significant pressure on water resources; water use per barrel of oil sands production is comparable to other energy resources-about 2. Novel used of instrumental analysis for investigative work are reported and processing systems used to clean up the site are described. Oxamic-, maleic-, acetic-, formic-, pyruvic-and oxalic acids were detected in the literature Goncalves et al. Step 4 - Select a Course of Action.
However, innovative technologies are now being demonstrated to reduce the unit cost of soil decontamination for large contaminated areas. Biofuel production requires heat for drying of biomass, which was also a large energy demand. Cleanups have ranged from relatively simple, inexpensive excavation and onsite cleanup or disposal of a small quantity of contaminated soil to elaborate, expensive decontamination of large quantities of contaminated soils and groundwater. Generally, hydroxyl radical reactions with organic compounds may lead to formation of aldehydes, alcohols, ketones and carboxylic acids Byers et al. Step 4 - Select a Course of Action. To this purpose, ecoinvent focused on integrating appropriate water use data into version 3, since previously water use data has been inconsistently reported and some essential flows were missing. Although the cost and price of water varies tremendously across the United States, corporations are increasingly assessing and reporting their water use and improving water process efficiency.
It enhances the effectiveness of investing in data collection by performing sensitivity analyses using ecoinvent data to identify the most relevant flows and processes. The chapter addresses the general uses of water in industry, their associated energy costs, and energy management as related to water use and water use reduction. With the combination of data on water use and emissions to water for each process, concentration and corresponding water classes can also be calculated and assessed with existing impact assessment methods. Therefore, antimicrobial activity assays should be included when evaluating the use of ionizing radiation technology for the remediation of pharmaceutical or municipal waste streams. Após a compra, o eBook é de imediato disponibilizado na sua área de cliente para efetuar o download. Today, with increasing demand for water resources and uncertainty about the amount and quality of supply, the competition for water resources is being felt across all sectors of society.
Para saber o prazo que levará a receber a sua encomenda, tenha em consideração: » a disponibilidade mais elevada do s artigo s que está a encomendar, e » o prazo de entrega definido para o tipo de envio escolhido. It is furthermore shown that the majority of the investigated interlinkages are related to the nexus between water and energy, whose magnitude is again determined by the water intensity of that power generation mix that is replaced by or avoided primarily through the promotion of energy efficiency and alternative power sources. . Industry Standard Water Management Strategies. The chapter will address the general uses of water in industry, their associated energy costs, and energy management as related to water use and water use reduction. The Center for Waste Reduction Technologies. The increase of inhibition and formation of H2O2 showed a strong correlation.
Water Use in Industries of the Future. Analyses produced negative energy balances for proven technologies because of large parasitic energy demands inherent at various stages of the process. O envio da sua encomenda depende da disponibilidade do s artigo s encomendado s. The paper presents an outline for a systematic approach to water reuse. Technology summaries and case studies that support this systematic approach to water reuse, as well as recommendations for further research, are included.
Although some problems regarding data quality and spatial resolution remain, this is an important step forward and can limit efforts for detailed data collection to the most sensitive processes in the product system. Step 2 - Frame the Problem. Step 1 - Establish Leadership and Commitment. The roadmap describes goals, objectives, and specific activities for each of six key water risk areas, and informs prioritization and selection of prospective water management activities. In 2010, Suncor announced plans to increase production to more than 1 million barrels of oil equivalent per day by 2020, which it plans to achieve through oil sands production growth of approximately 10% per year. The rising price of water, prolonged droughts, and environmental regulations make water reduction and reuse virtually essential.
The chapter will address the general uses of water in industry, their associated energy costs, and energy management as related to water use and water use reduction. Because water supply and potential impacts to water quality are critical to its future growth, in 2010-2011 Suncor conducted a risk assessment to identify water-related business risks related to its northern Alberta operations. The epitome of water reuse is zero discharge. Water Reuse- A Historical Context. Regulatory Developments and Voluntary Programs.
This is true irrespective of the project drivers, size, duration, or wherever the project is located in the world. Executive Summary Water plays a key role in industrial production. Regulatory Developments and Voluntary Programs. Step 3 - Develop Alternatives. Three case histories illustrate the differing circumstances under which the technology may be applied, focusing on the cost and performance of systems designed to accommodate a wide range of site conditions, contaminant characteristics, and regulatory requirements.
Ironically, for a given volume of soil or water to be cleaned up, contaminants that are the most mobile, and therefore pose the greatest threat to the groundwater, are the easiest to clean up. This is in accordance with the strict paradigm in ecoinvent 3 to focus on mass balances, which requires the inclusion of water contents of all products also for e. Case Study 4: Electric Power Plant. Awareness of the ways water-related risks can disrupt business has also increased. Increment in respiration inhibition of municipal activated sludge was observed with increasing the dose. Some less common problematic areas are also discussed, including: Henry's Law data, fouling, chemical reactions, and end effects.