The Intelligence Process in Government and Business Production of intelligence follows a cyclical process, a series of repeated and interre- lated steps that add value to original inputs and create a substantially transformed product. The Practice of Social Research. Finally, the primer has drawn a cognitive, behavioral and personality profile of the central figure in intelligence production — the intelligence analyst. In brief, successful intelligence operations rely on secure transmission, storage, and processing of the information used. Keep It Clean It happens all the time.
. He is also a retreat consultant specializing in off-grid living, rural relocation, and survival preparedness. Jonathan Tetzlaff, Area Director, Security Research and Analysis, Amoco Corporation, personal correspondence with editor, 24 October 1997. According to these studies, the successful intelligence analyst brings to the discipline cer- tain requisite knowledges and abilities, or has a high aptitude for acquiring them through specialized training; is able to perform the specific tasks associated with the job; and exhibits personality traits compatible with intelligence analysis work. National Security Agency, Chapter 3, B. We are all in this together. The information itself must be exchanged only among legitimate users, and it must retain its intended meaning and be available to users upon demand.
Conversely, foreign capabilities assessment operates in the context of a zero-sum game among countries, with potential winners and losers of the tactical advantage. The purpose of intelligence analysis is to reveal to a specific decisionmaker the underly- ing significance of selected target information. More than merely physically manipulating information, collation organizes the information into a usable form, adding meaning where it was not evident in the original. As with requirements management, it is often done by specialists, particularly in the large intelligence service. How does the system treat that person over time? The same free access to information that makes society flourish also makes it vulnerable to damage, attack or exploitation. Does the chief executive require a centralized intelligence service, by whatever name, to assist in corporate policy- making? If the latter, does each department, such as Marketing, Planning, or Research require its own tailored intelligence support? Universities may incorporate these ideas into their business, politi- cal science, and intelligence studies curricula to encourage and prepare students to become intelligence practitioners in commerce or government.
Jones, The Thinker's Toolkit New York: Random House, 1995 , 44-46, as elaborated by Thomas H. Fortunetelling - inadequately explained and defended judgments. Professor of Business Administration, University of Pittsburgh. Threats are broken down into four categories: conventional, irregular, catastrophic, and disruptive. Often the intelligence analyst tests several hypotheses at the same time, whereas the scientist usually focuses on one at a time. An Office Manager's Guide to Intelligence Readiness, Russell G. Small independent intelli- gence services may require personnel to perform all the functions of the intelligence process from needs assessment to production and performance evaluation.
The same is true of data. Many of the statistically oriented tools continue to rely fundamentally on human judgment to assign values to variables, so that close attention to the types of reasoning and methods of analysis presented herein remain the fundamental analytical precondition to their use. The following overview begins with a summary of Exec- utive Branch policy. The experts we interviewed had four key recommendations. Intelligence products correspond to requirements that specify responsiveness criteria, thus production may occur on an ad hoc basis or on a schedule. Proposed manuscripts for these papers are submitted for consideration to the Applied Research Edi- torial Board.
Doing the legwork now in order to understand the community is a top priority for the S2, and this step never ends. With this pur- pose in mind, principles for matching intelligence personnel to appropriate job assignments are discussed in the next Part of this primer. Denial of Rationality: Attribution of irrationality to others who are perceived to act outside the bounds of one's own standards of behavior or decisionmaking. New York: Pocket Books, 1990. Thus, the choice of distribution method is more a marketing decision than a mechanical exercise.
Readiness: Intelligence systems must be responsive to the existing and contingent intelligence requirements of customers at all levels of command. Reviewing managers can use — and have used — linchpin standards to ensure that the argument in such assessments is sound and clear. Here are five ways that you can better prepare for community security through intelligence. He believes that most studies done lack the rigor that would come with following sound research-design principles. Statistical Tools Additional decisionmaking tools derived from parametric or non-parametric statistical techniques, such as Bayesian analysis, are sometime used in intelligence. In addition, the analyst must consider the characteristics that are dissimi- lar between the phenomena under study.
However, the production landscape is being transformed by technology, and today, a wide range of options is avail- able to both business and government. The induction process is one of discovering relationships among the phe- nomena under study. Functional Organization of Intelligence The national Intelligence Community comprises Executive Branch agencies that produce classified and unclassified studies on selected foreign developments as a prelude to deci- sions and actions by the president, military leaders, and other senior authorities. Occasional Papers are distributed to Department of Defense schools and to the Intelligence Community, and unclassified papers are available to the public through the National Technical Information Service www. When postulating human behavior, the analyst may effectively use analogy by applying it to a specific person acting in a situation similar to one in which his actions are well documented: an election campaign or a treaty negotiation, for example.